Isolation of bacteriophages from must and wine for the elimination of contaminating bacteria as an alternative to the use of sulfurous

  1. Cordero-Bueso, G. 1
  2. Moraga, J. 12
  3. Rios-Carrasco, M. 1
  4. Ruiz-Muñoz, M. 1
  5. Manuel Cantoral, J. 1
  1. 1 Area de Microbiología, Departamento de Biomedicina, Biotecnología y Salud Publica, Universidad de Cádiz, España
  2. 2 Departamento de Química Organica, Universidad de Cádiz, España
42nd World Congress of Vine and Wine

ISSN: 2117-4458

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 15

Pages: 02011

Type: Conference paper

DOI: 10.1051/BIOCONF/20191502011 GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor


Acetic and some lactic acid bacteria are the main reason for the loss of quality of musts and wines,giving rise to defects such as “vinegary”, “chopped” or preventing alcoholic and / or malolactic fermentation.The solution to this problem consists in the application of authorized bactericidal agents, such as sulfurous.The aim of this work is to isolate bacteriophages from musts and wines of different grape varieties, ableto eliminate lactic and acetic acid bacteria spoilages. Musts obtained from grape-berries of Vitis viniferacv. Chardonnay and Moscatel and a red wine made with the Tintilla de Rota variety were used to isolatebacteriophages. It were isolated by classical virology methods and identified by electron microscopy. Hostbacteria used in the study were the lactic acid bacteria of the species Lactobacillus hilgardii, L. plantarumand Oenococcus oeni and the acetic bacteria Acetobacter aceti. A comparative study was performed on mustsand wines, previously inoculated with bacteria, by phage titration and SO2 addition to study the effectivenessof bacteriophages against bacteria. Bacteriophages were obtained from all musts and wine, belonging to theorder of Caudovirals and Tectivirals. The comparative study showed that a cocktail of bacteriophages at lowconcentration is as effective as sulfur.

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