Las prácticas docentes para enseñar a leer y a escribir

  1. González Riaño, Xosé Antón
  2. Buisán Serradell, Carmen
  3. Sánchez Rodríguez, Susana
Journal for the Study of Education and Development, Infancia y Aprendizaje

ISSN: 0210-3702 1578-4126

Year of publication: 2009

Issue Title: Las condiciones de aprendizaje de la lengua escrita

Volume: 32

Issue: 2

Pages: 153-169

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1174/021037009788001752 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR

More publications in: Journal for the Study of Education and Development, Infancia y Aprendizaje


The study shows the results of a survey about teachers' practices for the initial teaching of literacy in nine geographic areas of Spain. A questionnaire including 30 closed questions was used to collect teachers' preferences on a 6-point Likert scale. Questions refer to four topics related to the teaching of written language: a) organisation of the class; b) planning; c) activities and content; and d) evaluation. The sample was constituted by 2,250 teachers, 1,193 from preschool (5-year olds) and 1,057 from first year of primary school (6-year olds). The population interviewed was found to be evenly distributed in three different teaching practice profiles according to teachers' preferences for: 1) explicit Instructional Practice, highly focussed on learning outcomes but less concerned with autonomous writing and occasional learning; 2) Situational Practice, more concerned with spontaneous writing and occasional learning than with explicit instruction and learning outcomes; and 3) Multidimentional Practice focusing both on explicit instruction and leaning outcomes and on autonomous writing. The distribution of these profiles differed significantly for: age, education level (preschool or primary school), type of school (private, public or charter), school location, in training service, and professed methodology for teaching literacy. A detailed characterisation of teachers' practices is a first and crucial step for determining the best conditions for successful literacy learning.