¿Qué aspectos de la competencia científica evalúan las pruebas de acceso a la universidad en la asignatura de química?

  1. Oliva, José María 1
  2. Franco-Mariscal, Rosario 1
  3. Almoraima Gil-Montero, María Luisa 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Cádiz

    Universidad de Cádiz

    Cádiz, España

    ROR https://ror.org/04mxxkb11

Campo abierto: Revista de educación

ISSN: 0213-9529

Year of publication: 2016

Volume: 35

Issue: 1

Pages: 233-245

Type: Article

More publications in: Campo abierto: Revista de educación


From the point of view of the competences assessment, in this paper the Andalusian higher education access test in the subject of Chemistry is analysed. For this purpose, a content analysis was done, taking as reference 576 questions corresponding to the PAU questions raised between 2002 and 2013 in the Andalusian universities. The results indicate bias and important absences for a comprehensive assessment of the competence of students in chemistry, hardly any evolution over time. It is noteworthy, in particular, a poor presence of experimental aspects of chemistry, related to experimental design and practical laboratory work, and above all an absence of questions that assess creative aspects and about the nature of the chemistry or around its relations with problems and situations of daily life or the technological and environmental dimension. From the analysis implications for improving selective external testing and also for teacher training are formulated.