Ejercicio físico y aspectos psicosociales y emocionales en mujeres con cáncer de mama

  1. Rocío Guil Bozal
  2. Antonio Zayas García
  3. Paloma Gil-Olarte Márquez
  4. Cristina Guerrero Rodríguez
  5. José Miguel Mestre Navas
Journal:
International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología

ISSN: 0214-9877

Year of publication: 2017

Issue Title: La psicología hoy: retos, logros y perspectivas de futuro. Atención a la diversidad

Volume: 4

Issue: 1

Pages: 327-338

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17060/IJODAEP.2017.N1.V4.1061 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología

Abstract

Physical exercise and psychosocial and emotional aspects in women with breast cancer Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in Spain. Most studies in psychooncology focus on the approach of commorbid psychopathology, such as anxiety and depression. Several authors have reported the relationship between variables such as dispositional optimism and resilience, regarding psychological and subjective well-being in these patients. The practice of physical exercise seems to improve certain variables related to the mood, being able to be relevant in the achievement of an adequate emotional health. On the basis of these evidences, we propose to explore if the women that are in adjuvant treatment for breast cancer perform less exercise than other women without this pathology, as well as the existence of possible natural clusters that allow us to differentiate, if within these women, we found different typologies in relation to their perceived psychological quality of life levels (anxiety, depression, satisfaction with life, dispositional optimism and resilience). For this, the semi-structured interview of their own elaboration was administered, in addition to the sociodemographic data, if they performed physical exercise and frequency with which they performed it, as well as the questionnaires used to evaluate state / trait anxiety (STAI E / R), Depression (BDI), satisfaction with life (SWL), dispositional optimism (LOT-R), and resilience to a sample of 60 women, 30 of whom were being treated by the Oncology Unit of the Hospital de Jerez de la Border, For being treated for breast cancer. The results indicate that women with breast cancer who perform physical exercise, present lower levels of anxiety and depression and higher satisfaction with life, dispositional optimism and resilience.

Bibliographic References

  • Alonso Fernández, C., & Bastos Flores, A. (2011). Intervención psicológica en pacientes con cáncer. Clínica Contemporánea, 2(2), 187–207.
  • Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Manual for the Beck Depression Inventory-II. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
  • Beck, A., Guth, D., Steer, J., & Ball, R. (1997). Screening for major depression disorders in medical in patiens with the Beck depression inventory for primary care. Behaviour, Research and Therapy, 35 (8), 785-791.
  • Cvecka, J., Tirpakova, V., Sedliak, M., Kern, H., Mayr, W., & Hamar, D. (2015). Physical Activity in Elderly. Eur J Transl Myol, 25(4), 249-252.
  • Diener, E., Emmons, R., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The Satisfaction With Life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75.
  • Guil, R., Zayas, A., Gil-Olarte, P., Guerrero, C., González, S., & Mestre, J. M. (2016). Bienestar psicológico, optimismo y resiliencia en mujeres con cáncer de mama. Psicooncología, 13(1), 127.
  • Hernández E., Fernández Rodríguez E., Merino Marbán R., & Chinchilla Minguet L., (2010). Análisis de los circuitos biosaluables para la tercera edad en la provincia de Málaga (España). Retos, Nuevas Tendencias en Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación, 17, 99–102
  • Hwang, P. W., & Braun, K. L. (2015). The Effectiveness of Dance Interventions to Improve Older Adults’ Health: A Systematic Literature Review. Altern Ther Health Med, 21(5), 64-70
  • Jiménez, R. M. L., López, C. M., & Jiménez, S. L. (2015). Tratamiento Fisioterápico del Linfedema en las pacientes tratadas de Cáncer de Mama. ENFERMERÍA DOCENTE, 1(103), 55-56
  • Meneses-Echávez, J. F., González Jiménez, E., Correa-Bautista, J. E., Schmidt Rio-Valle, J., & Ramírez-Vélez, R. (2015). Efectividad del ejercicio físico en la fatiga de pacientes con cáncer durante el tratamiento activo: revisión sistemática y metaanálisis. Cad Saude Publica, 31(4):667–681
  • Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte (MECD). ANUARIO DE ESTADÍSTICAS DEPORTIVAS. Encuesta sobre los Hábitos Deportivos 2016. Gobierno de España. Recuperado de: http://www.csd.gob.es/csd/sociedad/encuesta-de-habitos-deportivos/encuesta-de-habitosdeportivos-en-espana-2015/
  • Novella, A. (2002). Incremento de la resiliencia luego de la aplicación de un programa de psicoterapia breve en madres adolescentes. (Tesis para optar el grado de Magíster en Psicología, mención en Psicología clínica y de la salud). Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú.
  • Otero-López, J. M., Luengo, A., Romero, E., Gómez, J. A., & Castro, C. (1998). Psicología de personalidad. Manual de prácticas. Barcelona: Ariel Practicum.
  • Sanz, J., Navarro, M.E., & Vázquez, C. (2003). Adaptación española del Inventario para la Depresión de Beck-II (BDI-II): Propiedades psicométricas en estudiantes universitarios. Análisis y Modificación de Conducta, 29(124), 239-288.
  • Savela, S., Komulainen, P., Sipila, S., & Strandberg, T. (2015). Physical activity of the elderly – what kind of and what for? Duodecim, 131(18), 1719-1725.
  • Scheier, M.F., Carver, C., & Bridges, M.W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the Life Otrientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078.
  • Seisdedos, N. (1988). Adaptación Española del STAI, Cuestionario de ansiedad estado-rasgo Spanish adaptation of the STAI, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Madrid: Tea Ediciones. Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica (SEOM). Guía de Ejercicio Físico. Recuperado de:http://www.seom.org/seomcms/images/stories/recursos/Guia_ejercicio_fisico_pacientes_cancer_mama.pdf
  • Sociedad Española de Oncología Médica (SEOM). Las Cifras del Cáncer en España 2016. Recuperado de: http://www.seom.org/seomcms/images/stories/recursos/LAS_CIFRAS_DEL_CANCER_EN_ESP_2016.pdf
  • Spielberger, C.D., Gorsuch, R., & Lushene, R. (1970). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, California: Consulting Psychologist Press.
  • Spielberger, C.D., Gorsuch, R.L., & Lushene, R. (1982). Manual del Cuestionario de Ansiedad Estado/Rasgo (STAI). Madrid, España: TEA Ediciones.
  • Wagnild, G., & Young, H. (1993). Development and psychometric evaluation of the resilience scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 1(2), 165-167.