Analysis of Operating Efficiency of the Iberian Peninsula Container Ports. A Multiple Regression Analysis and DEA in a Second Stage

  1. Antonio Gil Ropero
  2. Maria del Mar Cerbán Jiménez
  3. Ignacio Turias Domínguez
Journal of maritime research: JMR

ISSN: 1697-4840

Year of publication: 2019

Volume: 16

Issue: 1

Pages: 40-48

Type: Article

More publications in: Journal of maritime research: JMR


The aim of this paper is to obtain the most consistent values of efficiency of Iberian Peninsula containerports from 2008 to 2014. This study applies DEA methodology to a sample of the 16 Iberian Peninsulacontainer ports they account for more than 85 per cent of the total container traffic, during the five-year period of 2008-2014. Firstly, multiple linear regression models have been applied for all possiblecombinations of explanatory variables and using the number of manipulated TEUs as an independentvariable which has been considered as the most relevant of the outputs chosen in the efficiency analysis.The aim has been to represent a variable response (TEUs) according to different possible explanatoryvariables. The explanatory variables used are: Number of Cranes (NG), Area of the Terminal (ST) andDocks with draft of more than 14 meters (M14). The indices that allow us to measure the quality of theresults obtained are the corrected multiple determination coefficients (R2) and the Fisher-Snedecor (F)statistic. It can be observed that the best results for both coefficients are obtained in those hypotheseswhere the explanatory variable corresponding to the Number of Cranes (NG) is included. In a secondStage Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with variable return to scale (BCC) has been used to obtainthe standard efficiency, using output-oriented option in order to determine efficiency rankings of IberianPeninsula container ports. The results show that the ports with significant import/export traffic seem toexhibit lower levels of technical efficiency than those ports specialized in transhipment operations. Onthe other hand, in those cases in which the transhipment traffic has increased, the technical efficiencyhas diminished