La implementación de la política de igualdad de género en la cooperación internacional de la Unión Europea en Túnez 2011 - 2020

Supervised by:
  1. Emanuela Lombardo Director

Defence university: Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Fecha de defensa: 10 February 2022

  1. María Dolores Bustelo Ruesta Chair
  2. Begoña Leyra Fatou Secretary
  3. Julia María Espinosa Fajardo Committee member
  4. Alba Alonso Álvarez Committee member
  5. Maria Caterina La Barbera Committee member

Type: Thesis


This thesis explores the implementation of the European Union’s (EU) international cooperation gender equality policy in Tunisia, from the Arab Spring in January 2011 to 2020. This timeframe coincides not only with a historic period for Tunisia of political transition toward greater democratization, but also with the time in which the EU completed its two Gender Action Plans from 2010 to 2020, which implied an institutional transformation.2011 marked a historic milestone in the country's development. From then on, Tunisia entered a cycle of political and social changes, as evidenced by the approval of the new Constitution in 2014, the withdrawal of reservations to the CEDAW in 2017, and approval of the Comprehensive Lawon Gender Violence (Law 58/2017). The EU, for its part, delivered an unprecedented response to the country, doubling its aid budget for the period 2011 to 2013.2 Moreover, within the selected research period (2011-2020), the EU implemented two Gender Action Plans setting out its gendere quality strategy in international cooperation and testing its role as a global leader against gender inequalities. The implementation process of the gender equality policy took place in a context of political and social instability in Tunisia and of personal and institutional resistance within the European Commission itself, which was experiencing a full institutional transformation. These are the main reasons for the interest in studying the implementation of the EU’s gender equality policy in the particular case of Tunisia and in the selected period (2011-2020)...