Spanish version of the Metacognition Self-Assessment Scale (MSAS) for adults

  1. Fernández-Rubio, Carlos 1
  2. Martínez-Cervantes, Rafael 2
  3. Senín-Calderón, Cristina 3
  4. Rodríguez-Testal, Juan Francisco 4
  1. 1 School of Psychology, University of Seville (Spain)
  2. 2 Experimental Psychology Department, University of Seville
  3. 3 Department of Psychology, University of Cádiz
  4. 4 Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment Department, University of Seville
Anales de psicología

ISSN: 0212-9728 1695-2294

Year of publication: 2023

Volume: 39

Issue: 3

Pages: 374-383

Type: Article


More publications in: Anales de psicología


Background: Although there are other tools in the Spanish language for assessing metacognition, there is no other that is as quick, simple and multidimensional as the Metacognition Self-Assessment Scale (MSAS). Objectives: Adapt and validate the MSAS to Spanish. Method: The sample consisted of 973 volunteers, 68.3% women and mean age of 27.9 years (SD = 12.68). Results: The internal consistency of the Spanish adaptation was generally adequate with a total α = .830, and from α = .658 to .826 for the factors. The original four-factor structure (Self-Reflexivity, Critical Distance, Mastery and Understanding Other Minds) showed adequate fit indices. The evidence of concurrent criterion validity indices was not as expected. Indications of discriminant validity were the low Self-Reflexivity scores of participants with a psychopathological history (d = .222) or psychological treatment (d = .326); in Mastery by those under psychological treatment (d =  .345) or medication (d =  .482), and in Critical distance for medication (d = .419). Conclusion: The Spanish adaptation and validation of the MSAS seems adequate for assessing metacognition and its subcomponents in the general population, opening a wide field of clinical and research applications.

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