Acumulación de cobre y alteraciones histopatológicas en el ostión "Crassostrea angulata"

  1. Rodríguez de la Rua, A. 2
  2. Arellano, J.M. 2
  3. González de Canales, M.L. 2
  4. Blasco, J. 1
  5. Sarasquete, C. 1
  1. 1 Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía

    Instituto de Ciencias Marinas de Andalucía

    Cádiz, España


  2. 2 Universidad de Cádiz

    Universidad de Cádiz

    Cádiz, España


Ciencias marinas

ISSN: 0185-3880 2395-9053

Datum der Publikation: 2005

Ausgabe: 31

Nummer: 3

Seiten: 455-466

Art: Artikel

DOI: 10.7773/CM.V31I3.39 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen Access editor

Andere Publikationen in: Ciencias marinas

Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible


Specimens of "Crassostrea angulata" were exposed to sublethal copper concentrations (200 and 600 μ gL –1 Cu 2+ ) during 2 to 30 days. The accumulation of copper and histopathological effects on the gills, digestive gland and heart were studied. The highest copper concentrations were found in the gills, with values over 2 mg g –1 dry weight for organisms exposed to the highest concentration at the end of the exposure period (day 30). In the digestive gland, the concentration was 1 mg g –1 dry weight (highest exposure on day 30). The rate of bioconcentration ( BC r , defined as the concentration in the tissue at an exposure concentration at time t minus the mean concentration of the control throughout the experiment, divided by the exposure time) decreased in both tissues. The values ranged from 392 to 57 μ g g –1 day –1 for gills and from 133 to 18 μ g g –1 d –1 for the digestive gland. In the gills, specimens exposed to 200 μ g L Cu 2+ showed disorganization and apical alterations of the cilia cells and hyperplasia, lamellar fusion and lamellar loss in organisms exposed to 600 μ g L –1 Cu 2+ . In the digestive gland, specimens exposed to 200 μ g L –1 Cu 2+ showed hemocytic infiltration in the underlying connective tissue and numerous brown cells compared to the control specimens. On the other hand, thinning of the epithelium of the digestive tubules, occlusion in the lumen of some primary tubules and dilation of the digestive ducts occurred in organisms exposed to 600 μ g L –1 Cu 2+ . The heart of oysters exposed to copper showed thinning of the epithelium of the auricles and ventricle and an increase in brown cells on the walls of the auricles, as well as connective tissue destruction in the auricles and ventricle.