Atención plenala relación entre la aceptación de las emociones y la satisfacción con la vida en estudiantes pregraduados

  1. Paramio Leiva, Alberto
  2. Cruz Jurado, Daniel
  3. Zayas García, Antonio
  4. Gil-Olarte Márquez, Paloma
  5. Guil Bozal, Rocío
International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología

ISSN: 0214-9877

Year of publication: 2018


Volume: 2

Issue: 1

Pages: 169-176

Type: Article

DOI: 10.17060/IJODAEP.2018.N1.V1.1206 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology: INFAD. Revista de Psicología


The high prevalence and incidence of problems related to anxiety in the population have made it one of the main indicators of psychological ill-being (Guillén-Riquelme & Buela-Casal, 2011). Numerous researchers are studying its treatment by the use of therapeutic techniques of third generation based on mindfulness because it has become a practice of ascending use in the clinical exercise and the development of psychological health (Ford, Lam, John, & Mauss, 2017). The evidences in this regard show that there could be a tendency to publish only those investigations that report positive effects, which could be causing an exaggeration of reality (Coronado-Montoya et al., 2016). The present research has two objectives: (1) know the statistical relationship between the factors of Mindfulness (Observation, Description, Acting with awarenesse, Non-judging, and Non-reactivity) and anxiety (state and trait); and (2) check the explanatory capacity of these factors on both types of anxiety. A sample of 53 undergraduated students (third and fourth degree) from the University of Cádiz was used. They voluntarily completed the following questionnaires: Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (Aguado et al., 2015) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (Buela-Casal, GuillénRiquelme, & Seidedos, 2011). The bivariate correlation analysis performed showed that only the Non judging, Acting with awareness and Non-reactivity factors, correlated negatively and statistically significant with both types of anxiety. These factors were able to explain the change in the variance of state anxiety in 57.8% (R2 = .578), and in 62.7% in trait anxiety (R2 = .627). The factors Non judging (Beta = -.508) and Acting with awareness (Beta = -.346), were statistically significant when explaining levels of trait anxiety. However, only Non judging (Beta = -.693) remained as significant factor in anxiety state. In conclusion, the promotion of accepting nonevaluative attitude before the internal experience would seek an improvement in the levels of both types of anxiety and, in addition, paying full attention to the activities during its realization would suppose a decrease in the trait anxiety

Bibliographic References

  • Academic Mindfulness Interest Group, M., & Academic Mindfulness Interest Group, M. (2006). Mindfulness-based psychotherapies: a review of conceptual foundations, empirical evidence and practical considerations. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40(4), 285-294.
  • Aguado, J., Luciano, J. V., Cebolla, A., Serrano-Blanco, A., Soler, J., & García-Campayo, J. (2015). Bifactor analysis and construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ) in non-clinical Spanish samples. Frontiers in psychology, 6, 404.
  • Aldao, A., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2010). Specificity of cognitive emotion regulation strategies: A transdiagnostic examination. Behaviour research and therapy, 48 (10), 974-983.
  • Almeida, D. M. (2005). Resilience and vulnerability to daily stressors assessed via diary methods. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14 (2), 64-68.
  • Atienza, F. L., Pons, D., Balaguer, I., & García Merita, M. (2000). Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida en adolescentes. Psicothema, 12 (2).
  • Campbell-Sills, L., Barlow, D. H., Brown, T. A., & Hofmann, S. G. (2006). Effects of suppression and acceptance on emotional responses of individuals with anxiety and mood disorders. Behavior al Research and Therapy, 44 (9), 1251-1263.
  • Ciesla, J. A., Reilly, L. C., Dickson, K. S., Emanuel, A. S., & Updegraff, J. A. (2012). Dispositional mindfulness moderates the effects of stress among adolescents: rumination as a mediator. Journal of Clinical and Child Adolescent Psychology, 41 (6), 760-770.
  • Eisenlohr-Moul, T., Peters, J. R., & Baer, R. A. (2015). How do mindfulness-based interventions work? Strategies for studying mechanisms of change in clinical research. In Hand book of Mindfulness and Self-Regulation (pp. 155-170). Springer, New York, NY.
  • Ford, B. Q., Lam, P ., John, O. P ., & Mauss, I. B. (2017). The Psychological Health Benefits of Accepting Negative Emotions and Thoughts: Laboratory, Diary, and Longitudinal Evidence. Journal of personality and social psychology.
  • Hayes, S. C. (2004). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and the New Behavior Therapies: Mindfulness, Acceptance, and Relationship.
  • Jiménez, R. V. M. (2018). La evitación experiencial y la autoestima como factores de vulnerabilidad psicosocial en los trastornos emocionales: ¿variables independientes o relacionadas ? (Doctoral dissertation, Universidad de Sevilla).
  • Michalak, J., Teismann, T., Heidenreich, T., Ströhle, G., & Vocks, S. (2011). Buffering low selfesteem: The effect of mindful acceptance on the relationship between self-esteem and depression. Personaliy and Individual Differences, 50 (5), 751–754.
  • Mennin, D. S., & Fresco, D. M. (2013). What, me worry and ruminate about DSM-5 and RDoC? The importance of targeting negative self-referential processing. Clinical Psychological Science and Practice, 20 (3), 258-267.
  • Ostafin, B. D., Brooks, J. J., & Laitem, M. (2014). Affective reactivity mediates an inverse relation between mindfulness and anxiety. Mindfulness, 5 (5), 520-528.
  • Sancho, M., De Gracia, M., Rodríguez, R. C., Mallorquí-Bagué, N., Sánchez-González, J., Trujols, J., ... & Menchón, J. M. (2018). Mindfulness-Based Interventions for the Treatment of Substance and Behavioral Addictions: A Systematic Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9, 95.
  • Santana, B. M. Q., & Ordi, H. G. (2016). Evaluación del ”Mindfulness”: aplicación del cuestionario” Mindfulness” de cinco facetas (FFMQ) en población española (Doctoral dissertation, Universidad Complutense de Madrid).
  • Singer, A. R., & Dobson, K. S. (2007). An experimental investigation of the cognitive vulnerability to depression. Behaviour Researc hand Therapy, 45 (3), 563-575.
  • Thompson, B. L., & Waltz, J. (2010). Mindfulness and experiential avoidance as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder avoidance symptom severity. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24 (4), 409
  • Troy, A. S., Ford, B. Q., McRae, K., Zarolia, P ., & Mauss, I. B. (2016). Change the things you can: Effective emotion regulation is most beneficial in low socioeconomic contexts. Emotion, 17,141-154
  • Vujanovic, A. A., Youngwirth, N. E., Johnson, K. A., & Zvolensky, M. J. (2009). Mindfulnessbased acceptance and posttraumatic stress symptoms among trauma-exposed adults without axis I psychopathology. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23 (2), 297-303.