Cross-sectional analysis of coping strategies and anxiety and depression levels in a sample of the Andalusian population during the home lockdown caused by the COVID-19 pandemic

  1. Antonio Zayas
  2. Serafín J. Cruces-Montes
  3. Alberto Paramio
  4. Antonio Romero-Moreno
  5. José-Antonio López-Sánchez
  6. Ana Merchán-Clavellino
  7. Diego Gómez-Carmona
  8. Rocío Guil
Journal:
International Journal of Social Psychology, Revista de Psicología Social

ISSN: 0213-4748 1579-3680

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 37

Issue: 1

Pages: 119-143

Type: Article

More publications in: International Journal of Social Psychology, Revista de Psicología Social

Abstract

The restrictive measures put into place to control the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 have prompted the need to study the possible health impacts in the middle term. Deprivation of the fundamental right to mobility results in an increase in affective disorders and the risks that they entail for the population. The goal of this study is to examine anxiety and depression levels during the first national lockdown and to determine the key coping strategies in order to develop health treatment and promotion programmes. The sample, comprised of 485 participants (mean age = 40) from Andalusia, received questionnaires via email between March and June. The results showed that acceptance, active coping and humour were the most effective coping strategies to explain and predict a decrease in anxiety and depression within the context of the home lockdown. Therefore, we recommend that these coping strategies be studied in order to develop programmes that help prevent the psychological consequences of the lockdown.

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