Patrones de consumo de alcohol en estudiantes universitarios mediante el análisis de clases latentes. Una revisión necesaria

  1. Cristina O'Ferrall-González 2
  2. Juan Luis González-Caballero
  3. Javier Álvarez-Gálvez 2
  4. Miguel Ángel García-Carretero 1
  5. Carolina Lagares-Franco
  1. 1 Grupo de Investigación CTS-391, Universidad de Cádiz
  2. 2 Universidad de Cádiz

    Universidad de Cádiz

    Cádiz, España


Health and Addictions/Salud y Drogas

ISSN: 1998-2054

Year of publication: 2024

Volume: 24

Issue: 1

Pages: 44-57

Type: Article

More publications in: Health and Addictions/Salud y Drogas


Introduction: Studies on alcohol consumption in university students generally include a single instrument to classify them. This limits the detection of other substances, conditioning the brief interventions and other preventive mea-sures. This study aims to review the patterns of alcohol by integrating the information provided simultaneously by several screening instruments.Method: The results of test AUDIT and Weekly Consumption Diary for the screening of alcohol problems and the DAST-10 test for drugs in 1309 university students were analyzed. The latent class analysis identifies subgroups with-in heterogeneous populations from multivariate data.Results: The method identified three latent classes or patterns: low alcohol consumption (75.2%); weekend con-sumption (18%); and high alcohol consumption with probable dependence (6.7%). The main finding is that drug use and binge drinking episodes appear in all categories of drinkers, including those traditionally considered low-risk or non problematic. Conclusions: the patterns found with the latent class analysis show the need to review preventive practices in reduc-ing alcohol consumption, even with low consumption.